Linguaculture, Volume 4, Number 2, 2013
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Teacher Education & Development
King's College London, UK
Abstract & KeywordsThe first part of this paper considers approaches to teacher education for EFL developed during the 1960s-1990s, drawing upon two sources: the taxonomy of three approaches proposed by Wallace (1991) and personal reminiscence. It discusses each of Wallace's approaches in turn: craft, 'applied science', and reflective practice. The second part considers whether these approaches are adequate models for teacher education now. I suggest that while they are still relevant, they are also too inward looking for contemporary needs. They need to be supplemented with a more outward looking approach, in which teachers are prepared to engage with four aspects of the contemporary context: new communication technologies, the new global linguistic landscape, the relationship between English and learners' own languages, and the rival political views of English language learning as promoting either a global neoliberal agenda or a global civil society.
Keywords: English Language Teaching, teacher education, new media, L1 use in language learning, civil society
Charlemagne University College, Antwerp, Belgium
The Lecturer Coach (p. 23)
Abstract & KeywordsTeaching has experienced dramatic changes in the last few decades. From ex cathedra lectures to the use of social media in a classroom is a giant leap for both lecturer and students. Paul Catteeuw, lecturer of intercultural communication at Charlemagne University College in Antwerp (Belgium), has explored the boundaries of the newest methods in competence teaching, but did not forget the knowledge component of the tuition process. As he developed a framework of intercultural competence for business students, he rethought his role as a lecturer. He moved from the central omniscient rostrum position to a place at the side of the classroom as a facilitator, coaching students in a new creative learning environment making use of activating learning forms such as zoom sessions, teamwork and many others. At the same time he introduced different forms of assessment. In this article Catteeuw describes the intensive, sometimes laborious process of the lecturer coach.
Keywords: intercultural communication, learning environment, portfolio, coaching, evaluation
Inta Ratniece & Agnese Ratniece
Teacher Training and Educational Management Academy, Riga, Latvia; Pumpuri Secondary School, Latvia
Creativity in Cooperation – For Integrating Sustainable Development Ideas Into Teacher Practice (p. 40)
Abstract & Keywords
Teachers as creative sustainable development promoters should cooperate by empowering the link between generations, implementing development, satisfying the needs of the present generation, and securing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Aim of the study: To facilitate development of innovative practices in education and training at tertiary level.
Materials and methods: Analysis of theoretical sources, an ERASMUS Project IP uniting in cooperation educators from 11 countries.
Results: Innovative ICT-based content, pedagogies and practice for SD.
Conclusions: Teachers widespread SD more creatively and professionally if they participate in international collaboration projects involving SD issues.
Keywords: cooperation, innovation, integration, link with community, sustainable development, teachers’ teamwork
Focus on problems
University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
The Teaching of the Slovene Language in Minority Educational Institutions in Carinthia, Austria (p. 51)
Abstract & KeywordsThis article presents a historical overview of the teaching of the Slovene language and the present-day organisation of minority schooling in Carinthia, Austria. It presents the facilities that exist for teaching Slovene, various approaches and models of bilingual education in minority educational institutions, and the use of Slovene as a language of instruction as well as a language taught in these institutions. The article wishes to draw attention to the current situation of Slovene speakers in Carinthia and presents the reasons for which the mission of the minority school is nowadays different from what it was originally meant to be.
Keywords: the Slovene language, Slovene lessons, bilingualism, minority schooling, Carinthia, Slovenians in Austria, sociolinguistics
George Cristian Bursuc
Achieving Gender Equality in Teaching and Learning: Identifying Problems and Searching for Solutions (p. 64)
Abstract & KeywordsThe paper intends to investigate the ways in which gender equality is perceived throughout the world, to identify the main concerns relating to gender equality and to pinpoint some international measures already taken in this field. The research for this paper is based on other studies, reports and analyses concerning gender equality conducted by several entities that have as their main interests the research of the gender variable in teaching. A local study was also conducted, where I tried to observe whether Romanian textbooks of English are sensitive to gender equality in their visual aids (“cotext”). Seven textbooks were analyzed, printed from 1997 to 2004, ranging from the 2nd to 11th grades. Both the theoretical and the practical aspects of the research reveal that although awareness concerning gender equality has been raised, gender equality is yet to be achieved. Neither the pragmatic aspects of teaching nor the written support represented by English textbooks treat boys and girls equally, thus reinforcing gender-based stereotypes and attitudes.
Keywords: gender, gender equality, gendered stereotypes, discrimination, equity, gender attitudes
A.T. Laurian National College, Botosani, Romania
Abstract & KeywordsStatistics show considerably lower results for boys than for girls in reading tests and little interest for it on their part, coupled with generally lower participation of boys in schools across developed countries. Educators are often oblivious to boys’ natural reading preferences as a group and reading syllabi as well as reading lists inadvertently favour girls. The pleasure principle adopted to motivate students fails to animate boys and other media, particularly the internet offer convenient escape from the reading class. However, boys benefit from this unintended exclusion by the opportunity for enriching their range of familiar genres and they otherwise naturally tend to take ownership of their reading inside and outside of school, despite knowing their choices are not deemed legitimate by teachers. Parents and educators should offer male role models for readers, restore boys’ self -esteem, ensure richness of input and flexibility in school.
Keywords: feminine bias, alienation, pleasure principle, cultural heritage, male resistance
Focus on solutions
Abstract & KeywordsThe paper analyzes some present and future trends in education, zooming in on the English class, through the impact of the most influential product of the human mind, the Internet. Extensive research is currently being done on the roles of the Internet upon our society, with special emphasis on education. I follow some of these research projects’ threads and offer up-to-date insights into the debates and controversies the Internet has awoken. As a result of scanning some of the future educational trends, the conclusion I draw is that of an obvious compromise the English teacher has to sign: teaching both classical and modern competencies but learning to use the digital language of today’s generation, while not overlooking the students’ emotional needs.
Keywords: ICT, digital literacy, Digital Natives, adaptation, blended learning
Chiang Mai Rajabhat University, Thailand
Implementing Project-Based Instruction for Students With Low English Proficiency: A Classroom Scenario (p. 97)
Abstract & KeywordsThis quasi-experiment investigation was aimed at implementing project-based instruction into an English for Science course at Chiang Mai Rajabhat University, Thailand. The endeavor was conducted in the first semester, 2012, with 112 students in two classes. The students were of very low English proficiency levels and were lowly motivated to study the language. The textbook used in this investigation was a compilation from various sources and the topics included topic selection, main idea, note-taking and paraphrasing, summarizing, synthesizing data, writing an outline, and oral presentation. It was found that the students were able to carry out the instructional steps and the final project of each group. What was surprising was that they were happy to have studied the course and their attitude toward learning English was changed in a positive way. Their ability to deliver their projects at the end of the semester greatly enhanced their confidence, proficiencies and self-esteem.
Keywords: project-based instruction, English for Science, motivation, proficiency, confidence
Oana Mihaela Bălan
Dimitrie Cantemir Highschool, Iasi, Romania
Abstract & KeywordsThe article describes action research carried out in order to identify my students’ learning styles, to investigate the relationship between learning styles and language acquisition and to facilitate language progress through adequate class techniques. Teaching focused on the diversity of learning style s and multiple intelligences was consistently implemented after the interpretation of the data collected by various methods.
Keywords: learning styles, visual, auditory, kinaesthetic, multiple intelligences
Emil Racoviță National College of Iasi, Romania
Is It Possible for Teachers to Teach Less and for Learners to Learn More? Exploring Learning Styles and Strategies in the Second Language Classroom (p. 119)
Abstract & KeywordsThe objective of this article is to illustrate how secondary students’ learning style awareness can lead to improving and expanding foreign language learning strategies, increasing self-confidence as well as motivation to learn English. The research was conducted on a number of 116 ninth and tenth graders at Colegiul Național “Emil Racoviță” of Iași, 58 of whom were part of a working group and 58 were the control group. The methodology consisted in applying questionnaires pre-manipulation and post-manipulation as well as pre- and post-manipulation focus group discussions. The data collation highlighted the great importance of the teachers’ taking into account the learners’ learning style preferences , learning efficiency and the learners ’ personal development.
Keywords: learning styles and strategies, differences in learners, efficient teaching
Spectrum International School, Iasi, Romania
Abstract & KeywordsThe article focuses on ways to apply storytelling to young learners and its effects on the development of L2 acquisition in the case of these particular learners. It also provides examples of stories and the ways that they have been used during the English classes. There is a focus on other skills, besides listening, while the length of the stories together with the difficulty of the activities related to them depends on the level of the pupils: the more the pupils advance, the more complex the tasks become and the longer the stories are. Besides the fact that the article exemplifies how to use stories while teaching English, it also mentions the success/lack of success of the stories and the pupils’ reactions to them..
Keywords: storytelling, level, pre-, while-, post-listening activities, procedure
Waldorf Highschool of Iasi, Romania
General Language Awareness in Action (p. 144)
Abstract & KeywordsThe paper aims to provide an introduction to language awareness, focusing on defining the concept of language awareness and culture awareness for native and foreign teachers and learners of English, and showing the means which could help raise and develop language awareness in the foreign teachers and learners of English.
Keywords: awareness, language awareness, culture awareness, grammar awareness, awareness-raising techniques
Technical College of Electronics and Telecommunications Iasi, Romania
Abstract & KeywordsStarting from the author’s belief that a single methodology does not ensure success for all learners, the paper offers a synthesis of teaching strategies from both traditional/explicit grammar and learner-centred/constructivist camps which incorporate metaphors of various types. The new instructional strategy proposed includes an explicit pedagogical grammar reference (in the form of a student’s portfolio), followed by rules and metaphors about the choice of tense-aspect. The paper explains in detail the abstract metaphor of “ the tree” (trunk/leaves/root) chosen to help students understand the relationship between the simple, continuous and perfect aspects of the past tense, as well as the symbols helping students visualize the usage of these aspects. There are also tasks for the students, making use of these metaphors designed to provide learners with multiple ways of learning aspect.
Keywords: aspect, past tense, tree metaphor, narrative discourse
Notes on contributors (p. 169)